株洲县| 凤冈| 潼南| 萍乡| 扎兰屯| 九江县| 安西| 胶南| 南陵| 五营| 东兴| 伊吾| 左贡| 青浦| 建平| 大关| 静乐| 云集镇| 沿滩| 河池| 芒康| 五寨| 思茅| 惠安| 鹤岗| 镇康| 金堂| 札达| 柳州| 平泉| 梅县| 惠阳| 攸县| 珊瑚岛| 安义| 石家庄| 盐边| 宁国| 路桥| 遂宁| 西峰| 阳高| 金湖| 谷城| 堆龙德庆| 崂山| 密山| 盱眙| 扎兰屯| 凤山| 上林| 玉山| 古田| 三都| 邕宁| 资源| 泗阳| 会宁| 湖南| 苏州| 贵池| 泰州| 洛浦| 安县| 镇安| 定安| 双城| 天水| 景谷| 宿迁| 嘉黎| 巴马| 葫芦岛| 成武| 汝城| 会昌| 枣阳| 永善| 双阳| 屯昌| 上饶县| 汶川| 洋山港| 成安| 安徽| 金佛山| 永寿| 宕昌| 汉源| 乐安| 金华| 惠民| 冷水江| 商河| 隆昌| 东川| 陇县| 金平| 宁阳| 博湖| 孟连| 吐鲁番| 台北市| 万山| 宣化县| 二连浩特| 洱源| 桑植| 陇县| 天峻| 广水| 白朗| 万年| 邵武| 朝阳市| 化德| 常山| 兴义| 磐石| 光山| 新和| 迁安| 洛南| 五常| 洪泽| 三都| 徐闻| 盐源| 新河| 修武| 泸西| 甘洛| 畹町| 福清| 邳州| 裕民| 二连浩特| 七台河| 舒城| 商南| 岚山| 福鼎| 山西| 南漳| 德钦| 柳江| 泽普| 登封| 栖霞| 阿拉善左旗| 福泉| 大埔| 资阳| 武平| 保山| 南木林| 元氏| 新都| 吉首| 莎车| 武威| 朝阳县| 武都| 石首| 武功| 井冈山| 剑川| 沈丘| 唐山| 广河| 衢江| 楚州| 临川| 寿光| 朔州| 团风| 内丘| 宾县| 青河| 华容| 姜堰| 高碑店| 临安| 正阳| 内乡| 张家川| 威宁| 凤县| 临猗| 麻阳| 眉山| 和顺| 沧源| 桐梓| 郧县| 营口| 蓝山| 乾安| 寿宁| 太湖| 猇亭| 平乐| 攀枝花| 宜宾县| 南城| 措勤| 乌拉特前旗| 武鸣| 丰台| 德阳| 织金| 桐梓| 台南县| 榕江| 肃宁| 广灵| 普安| 惠来| 泉港| 田林| 西青| 温县| 永寿| 丹东| 徐州| 南皮| 张家港| 永和| 揭西| 江苏| 汝南| 南通| 宝坻| 玛多| 濠江| 黔江| 汨罗| 资溪| 蒙城| 赣州| 门源| 拜泉| 吉安县| 乌恰| 巴中| 红岗| 建瓯| 洪洞| 满城| 上虞| 集美| 峨边| 叶县| 普洱| 电白| 眉县| 遂溪| 代县| 城固| 内丘| 康乐| 资溪| 鹿泉|

【乐享台湾】郑州直飞台湾深度体验美食八日游

2019-05-27 08:07 来源:中国广播网

   【乐享台湾】郑州直飞台湾深度体验美食八日游

  Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Arobotpatrolsthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitonThursday.(Photo:LiHao/GT)WiththeapproachoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,volunteersprovideassistanceforin,“66”,securityrobot“Haihai”anddeliveryrobot“DianXiaoer.”Securityrobot“Haihai”cancarryout24-hourautonhemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersworkatthemediacenterreceptiondeskofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersstandatattentioninthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)JournalistsprepareinthemediacenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)

Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AwomanisseenatGhandrukvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)MulescarryingemptygascylindersproceedtowardsGhandrukvillagefromChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)PeoplecarryironnetsusedforconstructionatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AmanworksinthefieldatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)LocalscutthehairofsheepatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)

  Ajournalistasksforinformationatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]LiGuangda,avolunteeratthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummit,saidhehasreceivedmanythumbs-upfromforeignreportersforhisprofessionalandfriendlyassistancesincehebeganservingattheinformationdeskofthesummitsmediacenter."It,,"saidt,000studentvolunteersrecruitedfrom10universitiesinthecoastalcity,,another18,000volunte,theyarenicknamed"littleseasplashes".Theyhavebeenmobilizedtooffervariousservicesforthesummit,suchasassistancetoguestswitharrivalanddeparture,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]Li,anundergraduatemajoringinEnglish,,000studentsappliedtobecomevolunteersforthesummit,accordingtothemeetingsorganizingcommittee."Theenthusiasmfromstudentsisbeyondourexpectations,"saidSunJian,whoworksforthecommitteesworkinggroupofvolunteers."Wevechosentheoneswithbetterexpertisethatisparticularlyhelpfulforthesummit,suchasstudentsmajoringinforeignlanguagesandcomputers."Eachvolunteerhasreceivedabout40hoursoftrainingbeforethesummit,hesaid."Besideslessonsonetiquette,weveinvitedexpertsfromtheMinistryofForeignAffairstogivethevolunteerslecturesonhowtheSCOworksandthetraditionsofthecountriesparticipatinginthesummit."LihasbeenaboutQingdao,becausetheyaretheonesthereportersgotofirstiftheyhavequestions,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]"Itsanhonortobepartofsuchanimportantevent,"headded."WejustwanttoleavetheguestsandreporterswithagoodimpressionofQingdaoandtheChinesepeople."Moreimportant,Ialsofindjoyinmeetingpeoplefromdifferentcountries,whichhasbroadenedmyviews,",ateacherfromOceanUniversityofChinaandavolunteerorganizer,saiditsnotaneasyjobtomaintainagoodpostureandgreetpeoplewithasmilealldaylong,aswellasofferusefulandprofessionalassistance."Thestudentstoldmethattheyenjoytheworkbecausetheygenuinelywanttoofferthebestservice,"shesaid."Improudofthem."CraftswomanLiWenlingshowsherpaper-cuttingworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsafolkmusicperformanceatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsateaartshowatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)CraftsmanMuXujianshowsdoughsculpturemakingtojournalistsatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)CraftsmanMuXujianmakesdoughsculpturesatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AcuratorintroducestheAfricanArtExhibitionheldinsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)JournaliststakephotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AjournalisttakesphotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)

(CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)

  ,2017showstwilightthroughtheSeventeenArchBridgeintheSummerPalaceinBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/LiuXianguo)China,700activitieswillbeheldacrossChinatocelebratethisyearsculturalandnaturalheritageday,,whichwasestablishedtosafegstakealookat20culturalheritagesitesinChina,,originallynamedQingyiYuan,ortheGardenofClearRipples,wasanimperialgardenconstructedin1750byEmperorQianlonginabidtocelebratehismother,emperorsandempressesspenttheirleisuretimethere,eselandscapegardendesign,,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,,2018,togreettheSpringFestivalandTibetanNewYear.(Xinhua/Chogo),LhasaThePotalaPalace,winterpalaceoftheDalaiLama,hassymbolizedTibetanBuddhismanditscen,madeupoftheWhiteandRedPalaceswiththeirancillarybuildings,isbuiltonRedMountaininthecenterofLhasaValley,atanaltitudeof3,,JokhangTempleMonasteryandNorbulingkawereaddedtothelistrespectivelyin1994,,2018showsthesnowsceneryofWestLakeinHangzhou,eastChinaZhejiangProvince,,2018.(Xinhua/HuangZongzhi),,WestLakeCulturalLandscapeofHangzhouhasinspiredfamouspoets,,pagodas,pavilions,gardensandornamentaltrees,,2018showsseaofcloudsafterrainfallatHuangyaguansectionoftheGreatWallinTianjin,northChina.(Xinhua/YangYushan),theGreatWallwindsupanddownacrossdeserts,grasslands,mountainsandplateaus,,horsetracks,watchtowers,andsheltersonthewall,,000years,,itisstilloneofthemostappealingattractionsallaroundt,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,,northwestChinasGansuProvince,,2016.(Photo/Xinhua),Gansuprovince,theMogaocaves,alsoknownastheThousand-BuddhaCaves,aretheworldslargest,mostrichlyendowed,,atthecrossroadsoftradeaswellasreligious,,thecarvingofthecavesstartedin366ADandcontinuedforabout1,,housingabout45,000squaremetersofmuralsandmorethan2,000paintedsculptures,,wi(Photo/Xinhua)sYuanDynastyinChina,slegendarycapitalcity,designedbytheMongolrulersChineseadvisor,LiuBingzhong,,includingtemples,palaces,tombs,nomadicencampmentsandtheTiefangangCanal,,,:/FengJun):anImperialSacrificialAltarinBeijingLocatedinthesouthernpartofBeijing,theTempleofHeavenisamagnificentcomplexoffirs,andisthelargestoneinBeijingamongseveralroyalaltarstoHeaven,Earth,theSun,,SoutheastChinasFujianprovince,onDec9,2016.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangDongming)e15thand20thcenturiesover120kilometersinthesouth-westofFujianprovince,irfunctionexe,,efilm,resembling"scarfs"and"dresses",aspartoftheirrestorationintheEmperorQinshihuangsMausoleumSiteMuseuminXian,Shaanxiprovince,Feb23,2015.(Photo/CFP)ntainingterracottawarriorsandhorsesarelocatedinLintongcounty,nearXi’ancity,,,themausoleumislaidoutinlinewiththedimensionsofXianyang,,,,ridianGate(WuMen)ofthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,April17,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)ForbiddenCity,locatedinthecenterofBeijing,,,,(anareaenclosedbyfourpoles).In1924,theimperialfamilyoftheQingDynastywasremovedfromtheForbiddenCity,age,nearMountHuangshan,Anhuiprovince,inMay.(Photo:ChinaDaily/WangHao),HuangshancityinsouthAnhuiprovince,thetwotraditionalvillagesXidiandHongcunarearchitecturalcomplexes,,landscape,architecturalform,decorationandconstructiontechniquesallretaint,northChinasShanxiProvince,April22,,listedasaUNESCOWorldCulturalHeritagesitein2001,willwitnessatourismpeakastheMayDayholidayiscoming.(Photo:Xinhua/YanYan),some16kmwestofDatongcity,Shanxiprovince,theYungangGrottoeswerebuiltagainstthemountainandextendaboutonekm(),000statueswithinacarvedareaof18,000squaremeters,YungangGrottoesrepresenttheoutstandin,withtheirstrictunityoflayoutanddesign,coPoliticalPartyForumvisitLiuyuanorLingeringGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,April22,2013.(Xinhua/ShenPeng),whichseekstorecreateminiaturenaturallandscapes,isnotillustratedanybetterthanintheninegardensinthehistoriccityofSuzhou,’,2017showstheviewofChengdesummerresortinnorthChinasHebeiProvince.(Xinhua/LiuMancang),ChengdeIntermsofthegenerallayout,architecturalstyles,constructiontechniques,decorationdetailsandgardenlandscape,theMountainResort,avastcomplexofpalacesandadministrativeandceremonialbuildingsbuiltbetween1703and1792,representsthebroadexchangeandconvergencebetweenHancultureandtheethniccultures-Confucianism,BuddhismandTaoism-andthearchitecturalstylesbetweenChina,theMountainResorthastemplesofmanyarchitecturalstylesandimperialgardensblendeffortlesslyintoalandscapeoflakes,,,centralChinasHenanProvince,April17,(Xinhua/ZhuXiang)e(618-907).Located13kmsouthofLuoyang,Henanprovince,theLongmenGrottoesareconcentratedontheeastandwestcliffsoftheYishuiRiver,,duringtheNorthernWeiDynasty,Grottoes,liketheTwentyGemsofLongmenCalligraphyandZhuSuiliang’sstonetablets,,madein641inhonorofthemotherofthefourthsonofEmperorTaizong,,,LushanMountainisoneofthemostrenownedmountainsandtourismresortsinthecountry.(Photo/ShanghaiDaily),LushanMountainisoneofChina’,whichwasinscribedontheWorldHeritageListin1996,i,LushanisthebirthplaceofChineselandscapepoetry,plus,thefamousLushanPlenumrepresentsitsroleinChina’,,southwestChinasYunnanProvince,,SCOin1997.(Photo:Xinhua/YangZongyou),lyingontheLijiangplainatanelevationof2,400metersinsouthwestYunnanprovinceofChina,alandstrategifelementsfromseveralcultures,anditsancientwater-supplysy,WudangMountain,alsoknownasTaiheMountain,isbothafamousscenicspotandaholysiteofTaoism,Chinasindigenousreligion.(Photo/)anjiangkouincentralHubeiprovince,theWudangMountainsarehometoafamouscomplexofancientpalaces,periodofnearly1,,anannualeventputonbythespecialadministrativeregionsgovernment,sonSundaynight,(Photo:Xinhua/ZhangJinjia)’straditionalChinesedesign,itstandswitnesst’smissionaryroleintheFarEastwhilealso,formingthemostuniqueblendofculturalheritageexistinginChina’,,clairaudienceandtheJadeEmperorintheDazuRockCarvingsinChongqingmunicipality.(Photo/TheofficialWechataccountofDazuRockCarvings),,’,50,000statuesand100,000inscribedwithChinesecharacter,1999.Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  Ajournalistasksforinformationatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]LiGuangda,avolunteeratthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummit,saidhehasreceivedmanythumbs-upfromforeignreportersforhisprofessionalandfriendlyassistancesincehebeganservingattheinformationdeskofthesummitsmediacenter."It,,"saidt,000studentvolunteersrecruitedfrom10universitiesinthecoastalcity,,another18,000volunte,theyarenicknamed"littleseasplashes".Theyhavebeenmobilizedtooffervariousservicesforthesummit,suchasassistancetoguestswitharrivalanddeparture,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]Li,anundergraduatemajoringinEnglish,,000studentsappliedtobecomevolunteersforthesummit,accordingtothemeetingsorganizingcommittee."Theenthusiasmfromstudentsisbeyondourexpectations,"saidSunJian,whoworksforthecommitteesworkinggroupofvolunteers."Wevechosentheoneswithbetterexpertisethatisparticularlyhelpfulforthesummit,suchasstudentsmajoringinforeignlanguagesandcomputers."Eachvolunteerhasreceivedabout40hoursoftrainingbeforethesummit,hesaid."Besideslessonsonetiquette,weveinvitedexpertsfromtheMinistryofForeignAffairstogivethevolunteerslecturesonhowtheSCOworksandthetraditionsofthecountriesparticipatinginthesummit."LihasbeenaboutQingdao,becausetheyaretheonesthereportersgotofirstiftheyhavequestions,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]"Itsanhonortobepartofsuchanimportantevent,"headded."WejustwanttoleavetheguestsandreporterswithagoodimpressionofQingdaoandtheChinesepeople."Moreimportant,Ialsofindjoyinmeetingpeoplefromdifferentcountries,whichhasbroadenedmyviews,",ateacherfromOceanUniversityofChinaandavolunteerorganizer,saiditsnotaneasyjobtomaintainagoodpostureandgreetpeoplewithasmilealldaylong,aswellasofferusefulandprofessionalassistance."Thestudentstoldmethattheyenjoytheworkbecausetheygenuinelywanttoofferthebestservice,"shesaid."Improudofthem."

  ,capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ExamineestakeaselfiewiththeirfamilybeforethenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsideanexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan),eastChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/XuXiaoxuan)ExamineesprepareforthenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsidetheexamvenueatFenyangHighSchoolinLyuliangCity,northChinasShanxiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/CaoYang)ExamineesenteranexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)

  PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AcuratorintroducestheAfricanArtExhibitionheldinsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)JournaliststakephotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AjournalisttakesphotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)

  ChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)

  ,2017showstwilightthroughtheSeventeenArchBridgeintheSummerPalaceinBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/LiuXianguo)China,700activitieswillbeheldacrossChinatocelebratethisyearsculturalandnaturalheritageday,,whichwasestablishedtosafegstakealookat20culturalheritagesitesinChina,,originallynamedQingyiYuan,ortheGardenofClearRipples,wasanimperialgardenconstructedin1750byEmperorQianlonginabidtocelebratehismother,emperorsandempressesspenttheirleisuretimethere,eselandscapegardendesign,,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,,2018,togreettheSpringFestivalandTibetanNewYear.(Xinhua/Chogo),LhasaThePotalaPalace,winterpalaceoftheDalaiLama,hassymbolizedTibetanBuddhismanditscen,madeupoftheWhiteandRedPalaceswiththeirancillarybuildings,isbuiltonRedMountaininthecenterofLhasaValley,atanaltitudeof3,,JokhangTempleMonasteryandNorbulingkawereaddedtothelistrespectivelyin1994,,2018showsthesnowsceneryofWestLakeinHangzhou,eastChinaZhejiangProvince,,2018.(Xinhua/HuangZongzhi),,WestLakeCulturalLandscapeofHangzhouhasinspiredfamouspoets,,pagodas,pavilions,gardensandornamentaltrees,,2018showsseaofcloudsafterrainfallatHuangyaguansectionoftheGreatWallinTianjin,northChina.(Xinhua/YangYushan),theGreatWallwindsupanddownacrossdeserts,grasslands,mountainsandplateaus,,horsetracks,watchtowers,andsheltersonthewall,,000years,,itisstilloneofthemostappealingattractionsallaroundt,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,,northwestChinasGansuProvince,,2016.(Photo/Xinhua),Gansuprovince,theMogaocaves,alsoknownastheThousand-BuddhaCaves,aretheworldslargest,mostrichlyendowed,,atthecrossroadsoftradeaswellasreligious,,thecarvingofthecavesstartedin366ADandcontinuedforabout1,,housingabout45,000squaremetersofmuralsandmorethan2,000paintedsculptures,,wi(Photo/Xinhua)sYuanDynastyinChina,slegendarycapitalcity,designedbytheMongolrulersChineseadvisor,LiuBingzhong,,includingtemples,palaces,tombs,nomadicencampmentsandtheTiefangangCanal,,,:/FengJun):anImperialSacrificialAltarinBeijingLocatedinthesouthernpartofBeijing,theTempleofHeavenisamagnificentcomplexoffirs,andisthelargestoneinBeijingamongseveralroyalaltarstoHeaven,Earth,theSun,,SoutheastChinasFujianprovince,onDec9,2016.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangDongming)e15thand20thcenturiesover120kilometersinthesouth-westofFujianprovince,irfunctionexe,,efilm,resembling"scarfs"and"dresses",aspartoftheirrestorationintheEmperorQinshihuangsMausoleumSiteMuseuminXian,Shaanxiprovince,Feb23,2015.(Photo/CFP)ntainingterracottawarriorsandhorsesarelocatedinLintongcounty,nearXi’ancity,,,themausoleumislaidoutinlinewiththedimensionsofXianyang,,,,ridianGate(WuMen)ofthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,April17,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)ForbiddenCity,locatedinthecenterofBeijing,,,,(anareaenclosedbyfourpoles).In1924,theimperialfamilyoftheQingDynastywasremovedfromtheForbiddenCity,age,nearMountHuangshan,Anhuiprovince,inMay.(Photo:ChinaDaily/WangHao),HuangshancityinsouthAnhuiprovince,thetwotraditionalvillagesXidiandHongcunarearchitecturalcomplexes,,landscape,architecturalform,decorationandconstructiontechniquesallretaint,northChinasShanxiProvince,April22,,listedasaUNESCOWorldCulturalHeritagesitein2001,willwitnessatourismpeakastheMayDayholidayiscoming.(Photo:Xinhua/YanYan),some16kmwestofDatongcity,Shanxiprovince,theYungangGrottoeswerebuiltagainstthemountainandextendaboutonekm(),000statueswithinacarvedareaof18,000squaremeters,YungangGrottoesrepresenttheoutstandin,withtheirstrictunityoflayoutanddesign,coPoliticalPartyForumvisitLiuyuanorLingeringGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,April22,2013.(Xinhua/ShenPeng),whichseekstorecreateminiaturenaturallandscapes,isnotillustratedanybetterthanintheninegardensinthehistoriccityofSuzhou,’,2017showstheviewofChengdesummerresortinnorthChinasHebeiProvince.(Xinhua/LiuMancang),ChengdeIntermsofthegenerallayout,architecturalstyles,constructiontechniques,decorationdetailsandgardenlandscape,theMountainResort,avastcomplexofpalacesandadministrativeandceremonialbuildingsbuiltbetween1703and1792,representsthebroadexchangeandconvergencebetweenHancultureandtheethniccultures-Confucianism,BuddhismandTaoism-andthearchitecturalstylesbetweenChina,theMountainResorthastemplesofmanyarchitecturalstylesandimperialgardensblendeffortlesslyintoalandscapeoflakes,,,centralChinasHenanProvince,April17,(Xinhua/ZhuXiang)e(618-907).Located13kmsouthofLuoyang,Henanprovince,theLongmenGrottoesareconcentratedontheeastandwestcliffsoftheYishuiRiver,,duringtheNorthernWeiDynasty,Grottoes,liketheTwentyGemsofLongmenCalligraphyandZhuSuiliang’sstonetablets,,madein641inhonorofthemotherofthefourthsonofEmperorTaizong,,,LushanMountainisoneofthemostrenownedmountainsandtourismresortsinthecountry.(Photo/ShanghaiDaily),LushanMountainisoneofChina’,whichwasinscribedontheWorldHeritageListin1996,i,LushanisthebirthplaceofChineselandscapepoetry,plus,thefamousLushanPlenumrepresentsitsroleinChina’,,southwestChinasYunnanProvince,,SCOin1997.(Photo:Xinhua/YangZongyou),lyingontheLijiangplainatanelevationof2,400metersinsouthwestYunnanprovinceofChina,alandstrategifelementsfromseveralcultures,anditsancientwater-supplysy,WudangMountain,alsoknownasTaiheMountain,isbothafamousscenicspotandaholysiteofTaoism,Chinasindigenousreligion.(Photo/)anjiangkouincentralHubeiprovince,theWudangMountainsarehometoafamouscomplexofancientpalaces,periodofnearly1,,anannualeventputonbythespecialadministrativeregionsgovernment,sonSundaynight,(Photo:Xinhua/ZhangJinjia)’straditionalChinesedesign,itstandswitnesst’smissionaryroleintheFarEastwhilealso,formingthemostuniqueblendofculturalheritageexistinginChina’,,clairaudienceandtheJadeEmperorintheDazuRockCarvingsinChongqingmunicipality.(Photo/TheofficialWechataccountofDazuRockCarvings),,’,50,000statuesand100,000inscribedwithChinesecharacter,1999.PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)

  

   【乐享台湾】郑州直飞台湾深度体验美食八日游

 
责编:
党内法规的程序法则
发表时间:2019-05-27   来源:光明日报

  编者按

  党的十八届四中全会提出“形成完善的党内法规体系”的要求,并强调“党内法规既是管党治党的重要依据,也是建设社会主义法治国家的有力保障”。十八届六中全会审议通过了《关于新形势下党内政治生活的若干准则》和《中国共产党党内监督条例》两部重要党内法规,为全面从严治党和依法治国提供了执政党自身组织建设的党规基础。光明日报特别刊发3篇文章,从党内法规的程序法则、党纪与法律关系的科学逻辑和党内法规体系的三维结构等角度,对党内法规体系建设进行理论阐释。

  党内法规是党的意志和党员意志的规范形式,是实现党的目标,规范党内活动,形塑党员行为的重要依托。作为中国共产党体现无产阶级政党纪律性的重要方式,党内法规一直以来都是党的建设的重要内容,在党进行革命斗争、政权建设和领导改革的各个历史阶段,充分发挥了规范、稳定和引领的作用,为党的各项事业繁荣发展提供了可靠制度保障和规则指引,成为党长期执政兴国的重要经验和成果总结。

  在新的历史时期,随着依法治国方略的逐步落实,党内法规体系的发展面临着来自国家法治建设发展的巨大压力。党内法规既是管党治党的重要依据,也是建设社会主义法治国家的有力保障。我们必须全面加强党内法规建设,着力提高党内法规的规范性、民主性和科学性,使党内法规在新的历史进程中继续发挥其应有的作用。

  作为党依法执政和依宪执政的重要抓手,党内法规的发展和完善必须在宪法和法律的框架下进行,通过运用宪法思维和法治思维全面提升党内法规制定水平,尤其要注意借鉴和移植国家立法的经验,将现代法治的因素注入党内法规的建设过程。党的十八届四中全会将党内法规体系纳入中国特色社会主义法治体系进行统一部署,其理论依据就在于党内法规在广义上也属于“法”的一种类型,可以划归到“社会法”的范畴,是对国家法具有重要补充和辅助价值的“软法”的组成部分。党内法规的“法”属性,为国家立法的原则以及法律在党内法规制定和运行中的适用提供了适恰性依据。其中,最为重要的当属程序法则的适用。其要义有四:

  合法性审查程序

  在规范层面,合法性审查程序乃党规合法性法则的内在需要。合法性法则要求党内法规的制定必须合乎法的要求,这里的法既包括国家宪法与法律,也包括党内的党章和各项法规。具体而言,合法性审查程序包括以下基本要点。

  党内法规的制定必须遵守宪法和法律,不得与宪法和法律相抵触。宪法是我国的根本大法,一切国家机关和武装力量、各政党和各社会团体、各企业事业组织都必须遵守宪法和法律。党内法规的建设必须要遵守“党必须在宪法和法律范围内活动”的规定,符合宪法和法律的规定是合法法则的最为基本的要求。

  党内法规的制定必须符合党章的规定,不得与党章的原则和内容相抵触。党章是党的意志的集中体现,代表了全体党员的利益乃至人民的利益,党章是最根本的党内法规,也是制定其他党内法规的基础和依据。党内法规的体系建设与完善必须以党章为根本依据,在党章的框架之下开展活动,在立法中贯彻和实现好党的理论、路线、方针、政策。

  党内法规的制定不得与上位党内法规和规范性文件的规定相抵触,还应避免与其他同位党内法规对同一事项的规定相冲突。随着党内法规数量的剧增,党内法规与上位党内法规和规范性文件、同位党内法规之间经常就某些事项的具体规定产生抵牾和冲突现象。近年开展的大规模的党内法规清理工作,虽然解决了中央党内法规制度中存在的不适应、不协调、不衔接、不一致的问题,但并未消除中央各部门制定的党规以及各省、自治区和直辖市制定的党规之间,可能存在的不适应、不协调、不衔接、不一致的问题,还需要我们继续加强党内法规的清理工作,以逐步推进党内法规体系的形成和完善。在党内法规清理工作继续开展的同时,为切实保障党内法规合宪和合法,强化备案审查程序成为目前党内法规工作的关键环节。通过对党内法规进行严格的备案审查,及时纠正党内法规制定过程中的违规活动,以维护党内法规的严肃性和权威性。此外,审查的关口还可以向前移,提前至党规提交审议之前就对拟定的法规草案进行前置审核,在提高工作效率和节约立法资源的同时,及时发现和消除党内法规草案制定中的问题,预先过滤掉草案中不合法或者与上位法冲突的地方。

  民主征求意见程序

  在价值层面上,民主法则是党内法规制定和完善所必须要遵从的基本法则,民主征求意见程序乃党内法规民主性法则的内在要求和核心环节。具体而言,民主征求意见程序包括以下基本要点。

  党内法规的制定必须坚持民主集中制的要求,反映和维护党员的意志与利益。党内法规的效力和权威并非凭空出现的,而是来自全体党员的认可和接受。正因如此,党内法规才具有了规范所有党员行为的效力。因此,党内法规能否体现党员的意志和利益,是否真实体现党员的意志和利益,就成为党内法规制定过程需要解决的核心问题。故而,为充分实现党员的意志和利益,就必须在制定过程中坚持民主集中制的要求,充分发扬党内民主,在党内法规的立项、起草、审议等各个阶段充分征求地方党委、中央各有关部门和党员的意见,使党内法规成为党内民主的制度保障,成为保证全党团结统一的有力武器。

  党内法规的制定要严格遵守和落实《中国共产党党内法规制定条例》所规定的各项民主程序。民主征求意见是我党开展党内法规制定工作的重要内容,在《中国共产党党内法规制定条例》中,就提出了在党内法规的起草过程中,“应当深入调查研究,全面掌握实际情况,认真总结历史经验和新的实践经验,充分了解各级党组织和广大党员的意见和建议”。在党内法规草案形成后,还应当就草案广泛征求意见,注意听取党代表大会代表和有关专家学者的意见,必要时还应在全党范围内征求意见;与群众切身利益密切相关的党内法规草案,还应充分听取群众意见。为了方便党员干部和群众反映意见,《条例》还增加了征求意见的形式,既有传统的书面发函和来信的形式,也有座谈会、论证会、网上征询等形式,充分满足了党内法规民主性实现所应当具备的方式和渠道要求。

  统筹规划程序

  在技术层面上,统筹规划程序乃党内法规科学性法则的内在要求。党内法规是否具有科学性是判断党内法规体系是否健全和完善的重要标准。科学性法则所蕴含的核心要素包括党内法规体系的完整性和合逻辑性、法规内容的合理性和可操作性等,其中党内法规体系的完整性是科学性法则的首要要求。具体而言,统筹规划程序包括以下基本要点。

  统筹规划程序要以形成结构完善、内容合理的法规体系为中心。从目前党内法规的内容来看,我国党内法规在内容和体系结构上,都表现出了一定的不平衡性:有关纪律和纪律检查的党规较多,规定和保护党员个人权利的内容相对较少;规定实体性内容的党规较多,规定程序性内容的党规相对较少;原则性规定较多,细则性规定相对较少;重复立法和交叉立法的现象较多,党规之间的衔接机制和配套规定不够健全等。

  统筹规划程序要以党内法规立法工作规划为依托。党内法规工作规划是党内法规领域最为核心的顶层设计,我们要把党内法规工作五年规划作为党规制定的方向指引,在五年规划的基础上,进一步完善党规的年度工作计划,做好各方面党规立法的协调工作。根据目前党的建设对党内法规的制度需求,未来的工作重点应放在建立健全综合性基础主干党内法规上面,集中抓好党的思想建设、组织建设、作风建设、反腐倡廉建设、制度建设等领域党内法规的制定和完善工作。同时,党内法规的工作计划还应及时回应社会热点需求,针对党的建设和党的工作中存在的突出问题,及时出台一批实践急需、社会期待的党内法规,解决好规范权力行使、推进作风转变、严明党的纪律、强化党内监督、发展党内民主、改革用人制度等重点党规的制定问题。

  立法后评估程序

  在实施层面上,立法后评估程序乃党内法规可操作性的内在要求。在法治实践中,立法后评估已经被证明是提高立法活动可操作性和实效性,促进法律实施的有效手段,作为具有“法”属性的党内法规也应仿效相关立法后评估实践,展开对党内法规实施效果的评估,以实施效果评估为依托,根据评估反馈情况及时修改完善相关党内法规,进行有针对性和深入的法规清理工作,建立有效的“立、改、废”衔接机制,解决党内法规制度存在的不适应、不协调、不衔接、不一致问题。

  此外,我们通过评估可以实现对党规实施情况的监督和检查,由此强化党内法规的执行效果和力度,使党规的刚性约束力得到严格遵循。但从目前的实践情况来看,党内法规的立法后评估工作还处于探索阶段,各项评估程序和模式还不成熟,理论界应借鉴国家立法后评估的相关经验与实践,尽快制定出一套完善的党内法规评估办法,明确党规评估的主体构成、对象选择、指标体系、方式方法以及相关程序内容。此外,为督促党内法规的执行和落实,在评估中应重点加强党内法规实施情况的监督和检查,切实做到党规面前人人平等、执行党规没有例外,维护党内法规的严肃性和权威性。(江国华 武汉大学法学院)

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